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Deterministic approximations of random reflectors. (English) Zbl 1408.37063

Summary: Within classical optics, one may add microscopic “roughness” to a macroscopically flat mirror so that parallel rays of a given angle are reflected at different outgoing angles. Taking the limit (as the roughness becomes increasingly microscopic) one obtains a flat surface that reflects randomly, i.e., the transition from incoming to outgoing ray is described by a probability kernel (whose form depends on the nature of the microscopic roughness).
We consider two-dimensional optics (a.k.a. billiards) and show that every random reflector on a line that satisfies a necessary measure-preservation condition (well established in the theory of billiards) can be approximated by deterministic reflectors in this way.

MSC:

37D50 Hyperbolic systems with singularities (billiards, etc.) (MSC2010)
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