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Grid criteria for numerical simulation of hypersonic aerothermodynamics in transition regime. (English) Zbl 1430.76354
Summary: Grid is an important factor in numerical simulation of hypersonic aerothermodynamics. This paper introduces three criteria for determining grid size in the transition flow regime when using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method or the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. The numerical relationship between these three criteria sizes is deduced according to the one-dimensional fluid theory. Then, the relationship is verified using the CFD method to simulate the flow around a two-dimensional cylinder. At the same time, the dependence of simulation accuracy on grid size in the CFD and DSMC methods is studied and the mechanism is given. The result shows that the simulation accuracy of heat flux especially depends on the normal grid size next to surfaces, where the \(Re_{\mathrm{cell},w}\) criterion and the \(\lambda_w\) criterion based on local parameters are applicable and equivalent, while the \(Re_{\mathrm{cell},\infty}\) criterion based on the free-stream parameter is only applicable under the assumption of constant viscosity coefficient and constant temperature wall conditions. On the other hand, the trend of the heat flux changing with grid size obtained by CFD and DSMC is exactly the opposite. Therefore, the grid size must be strictly satisfied with the grid criteria when comparing CFD with DSMC and even the hybrid DSMC with Navier-Stokes method.

76K05 Hypersonic flows
76P05 Rarefied gas flows, Boltzmann equation in fluid mechanics
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