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Elastic analysis for rotating functionally graded annular disk with exponentially-varying profile and properties. (English) Zbl 1459.74063

Summary: Functionally graded materials have been widely used in engineering and human health applications. The issues about mechanical behavior of functionally graded material have received considerable attention. However, because of the complexity of material property, geometric profile, and mechanical load, there is still lack of proper analytic solutions about deformation and stress in many articles. The principal goal of this research is to study the effect of mechanical load on deformation and stress in rotating thin-walled functionally gradient material annular disk with exponentially-varying profile and properties. The inner and outer surfaces of annular disk are subjected to different pressures simultaneously. For this purpose, the infinitesimal theory of elasticity and axisymmetric plane stress assumptions has been proposed to formulate the governing equation. The governing equation is a generalized confluent hypergeometric differential equation, based on Whittaker’s functions; this is the first time that closed-form solutions of mechanical behaviors are revealed about proposed functionally gradient material model. Besides, another four boundary conditions are also discussed, i.e., the inner and outer surfaces of the annular disk are considered to be the combinations of free and clamped conditions. Numeric examples of two different functionally graded material properties are given to demonstrate displacement and stress solutions. Moreover, uniform disks made of homogeneous material under different boundary conditions are investigated, which are special cases of the proposed rotating functionally gradient material disks. Finally, some conclusions are made at the end of the present paper.

MSC:

74H10 Analytic approximation of solutions (perturbation methods, asymptotic methods, series, etc.) of dynamical problems in solid mechanics
74K20 Plates
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