Un probabiliste disciple de Malebranche: Pierre Rémond de Montmort (1678–1719). Conférence donnée à la séance inaugurale des “Journées de Statistique”, Toulouse, 19–22 mai 1980. (French) Zbl 0493.01007

Toulouse: Centre d’Edition des Annales de la Faculté des Sciences de Toulouse. 31 p. (1980).
Though he was born and he died in Paris, Montmort was rather unknown in France. Here a bibliography is given and an introduction to his main work “Essay d’analyse sur les jeux de hasard”, 1st ed. 1708, 2nd ed. 1713, to which he was inspired by friends. In probability and philosophy Montmort was a disciple of N. de Malebranche (1638–1715). In the extended 2nd edition some of the correspondence with J. and N. Bernoulli was added. Remarkable are also his contributions to equations of recurrence, to combinatorics and a project of a history of mathematics, which was mentioned in a letter (1713), but it seems to be lost. 71 interesting notes on contemporaries are given and 2 figures of frontispieces, but no remark is made of the fact that Montmort was the first to mention the negative binomial distribution.


01A50 History of mathematics in the 18th century
01-02 Research exposition (monographs, survey articles) pertaining to history and biography

Biographic References:

de Montmort, Pierre Rémond
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