zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

PSPICE controlled-source models of analogous circuit for Langevin type piezoelectric transducer. (English) Zbl 1359.74320
Summary: The design and construction of wide-band and high efficiency acoustical projector has long been considered an art beyond the capabilities of many smaller groups. Langevin type piezoelectric transducers have been the most candidate of sonar array system applied in underwater communication. The transducers are fabricated, by bolting head mass and tail mass on both ends of stacked piezoelectric ceramic, to satisfy the multiple, conflicting design for high power transmitting capability. The aim of this research is to study the characteristics of Langevin type piezoelectric transducer that depend on different metal loading. First, the Mason equivalent circuit is used to model the segmented piezoelectric ceramic, then, the impedance network of tail and head masses is deduced by the Newton’s theory. To obtain the optimal solution to a specific design formulation, PSPICE controlled-source programming techniques can be applied. A valid example of the application of PSPICE models for Langevin type transducer analysis is presented and the simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental measurements.
74M05 Control, switches and devices (“smart materials”) in solid mechanics
74F15 Electromagnetic effects in solid mechanics
Full Text: DOI
[1] Martin C E. On the theory of segmented electromechanical systems. J Acoust Soc Am, 1964, 36(7): 1366–1370 · Zbl 0163.29501 · doi:10.1121/1.1919209
[2] Mccammon D F. The design of Tonpilz piezoelectric transducers using nonlinear goal programming. J Acoust Soc Am, 1980, 68(3): 754–757 · doi:10.1121/1.384813
[3] Berlincourt D A, Curran D R, Jaffe H. Piezoelectric and piezomagnetic materials and their function in transducers. In: Masson W P, ed. Physical Acoustics (vol. 1). New York: Academic Press, 1964
[4] Inoue T, Sasak T, Miyama T, et al. Equivalent circuit analysis for Tonpilz piezoelectric transducer. Trans IEICE, 1987, E70(10): 909–917
[5] Goldberg R L, Smith S W. Multilayer piezoelectric ceramic for two-dimensional array transducers. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control, 1994, 41(5): 761–770 · doi:10.1109/58.308512
[6] Stewart J T, Yong Y K. Exact analysis of the propagation of acoustic waves in multilayered anisotropic piezoelectric plates. IEEE Trans Ultras on Ferroelectr Freq Control, 1994, 41(3): 375–390 · doi:10.1109/58.285473
[7] The Design Center. Circuit Analysis Manual. Version 5.3. USA: Microsim Corporation 20 Fairbanks Irvive CA 92718. 1993
[8] Leach W M. Computer-aided electroacoustic design with SPICE. J Audio Eng Soc, 1991, 39(7–8): 551–562
[9] Inamura T. The effect of bonding materials on the characteristic of ultrasonic delay lines with piezoelectric transducers. Jpn J Appl Phys, 1970, 9(3): 255–259 · doi:10.1143/JJAP.9.255
[10] Sitting E K. Effects of bonding and electrode layers on the transmission parameters of piezoelectric transducers used in ultrasonic digital delay lines. IEEE Trans Sonics Ultrason, 1969, Su-16(1): 2–10
[11] Crombrugge M V, Thompson J W. Optimization of the transmitting characteristics of a Tonpilz-type transducer by proper choice of impedance matching layer. J Acoust Am, 1985, 77(2): 747–752 · doi:10.1121/1.392344
[12] Markulov L G, Kharitonov A V. Theory and analysis of sectional concentrators. Soviet Phys-Acoust, 1959, 5: 183–190
[13] Mohammed A. Equilivalent circuit of solid horn undergoing longitudinal vibrators. J Acoust Soc Am, 1965, 38: 862–866 · doi:10.1121/1.1909817
[14] IRE Standards on Piezoelectric Crystals: Measurements of Piezoelectric Ceramics. Proc IRE, 1961, 49: 1161–1169 · doi:10.1109/JRPROC.1961.287860
[15] Inoue T, Nada T, Tsuchiya T, et al. Tonpilz piezoelectric transducers with acoustic matching plates for underwater color image transmission on. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control, 1993, 40(2): 121–129 · doi:10.1109/58.212560
[16] Leach W M Jr. Controlled-source analogous circuit and SPICE models for piezoelectric transducer. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control, 1994, 41(1): 60–66 · doi:10.1109/58.265821
[17] Tuinenga P W. SPICE: A Guide to Circuit Simulation and Analysis Using Pspice. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1992 · Zbl 0872.94057
[18] The Design Center. Application Notes Manual. Version 6.1. USA: Microsim Corporation 20 Fairbanks Irvive, CA 92718. 1994
[19] Microsim: Pspice A/D & Basics+–User’s Guide. Version 6.3. USA: Microsim Corporation 20 Fairbanks Irvive, CA 92718. 1996
[20] Kinsler L E, Frey A R, Coppens A B, et al. Fundamentals of Acoustics. 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1982. 192 · Zbl 0125.44304
[21] Chen Y C, Wu S. Multiple acoustical matching layers design of ultrasonic transducer for medical application. Jpn J Appl Phys, 2002, 41(Pt 1, No. 10): 6098–6107 · doi:10.1143/JJAP.41.6098
[22] Chen Y C, Wu S. A design approach of Tonpiltz transducer. Jpn J Appl Phys, 2002, 41(Pt 1, No. 6A): 3866–3877 · doi:10.1143/JJAP.41.3866
This reference list is based on information provided by the publisher or from digital mathematics libraries. Its items are heuristically matched to zbMATH identifiers and may contain data conversion errors. It attempts to reflect the references listed in the original paper as accurately as possible without claiming the completeness or perfect precision of the matching.