A new method to exploit the entropy principle and Galilean invariance in the macroscopic approach of extended thermodynamics. (English) Zbl 1378.74006

Summary: In extended thermodynamic the entropy principle and the Galilean invariance dictate respectively constraints for the constitutive equations and the velocity dependence. The entropy principle in particular requires the existence of a privileged field, the main field \(\mathbf u'\), such that the original system becomes symmetric hyperbolic and is generated by four potentials. It is not easy to solve the restrictions of both principles, if we use as field the non convective main field \(\hat{\mathbf u}'\) and the velocity \(\mathbf v\). This is due to the fact that \(\hat{\mathbf u}'\) are not independent. Rather its components satisfy three scalar constraints. The aim of this paper is to solve the full problem using as new strategy to consider \(\hat{\mathbf u}'\) as independent variables and requiring an appropriate differential constraint. This new procedure is very efficient and we are able to solve the problem of 13 moments in the full non linear case (far from equilibrium). It turns out that the knowledge of only the equilibrium state function is sufficient to close the system.


74A15 Thermodynamics in solid mechanics
35L60 First-order nonlinear hyperbolic equations
74A20 Theory of constitutive functions in solid mechanics
76P05 Rarefied gas flows, Boltzmann equation in fluid mechanics
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