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Selection of artificial neural network models for survival analysis with genetic algorithms. (English) Zbl 1452.62792
Summary: In follow-up clinical studies, the main time end-point is the failure from a specific starting point (e.g. treatment, surgery). A deeper investigation concerns the causes of failure. Statistical analysis typically focuses on the study of the cause specific hazard functions of possibly censored survival data. In the framework of discrete time models and competing risks, a multilayer perceptron was already proposed as an extension of generalized linear models with multinomial errors using a non-linear predictor (PLANNCR). According to standard practice, weight-decay was adopted to modulate model complexity. A Genetic Algorithm is considered for the complexity control of PLANNCR allowing to regularize independently each parameter of the model. The ICOMP information criterion is used as fitness function. To demonstrate the criticality and the benefits of the technique an application to a case series of 1793 women with primary breast cancer without axillary lymph node involvement is presented.

MSC:
62P10 Applications of statistics to biology and medical sciences; meta analysis
62B10 Statistical aspects of information-theoretic topics
62-08 Computational methods for problems pertaining to statistics
68T05 Learning and adaptive systems in artificial intelligence
90C59 Approximation methods and heuristics in mathematical programming
Software:
BRENT; Hmisc; MASS (R); R
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