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Computing bounds on the expected maximum of correlated normal variables. (English) Zbl 1191.60024
Summary: We compute upper and lower bounds on the expected maximum of correlated normal variables (up to a few hundred in number) with arbitrary means, variances, and correlations. Two types of bounding processes are used: perfectly dependent normal variables, and independent normal variables, both with arbitrary mean values. The expected maximum for the perfectly dependent variables can be evaluated in closed form; for the independent variables, a single numerical integration is required. Higher moments are also available. We use mathematical programming to find parameters for the processes, so they will give bounds on the expected maximum, rather than approximations of unknown accuracy. Our original application is to the maximum number of people on-line simultaneously during the day in an infinite-server queue with a time-varying arrival rate. The upper and lower bounds are tighter than previous bounds, and in many of our examples are within 5% or 10% of each other. We also demonstrate the bounds’ performance on some PERT models, AR/MA time series, Brownian motion, and product-form correlation matrices.

MSC:
 60E15 Inequalities; stochastic orderings 60J65 Brownian motion 60K10 Applications of renewal theory (reliability, demand theory, etc.) 65C50 Other computational problems in probability (MSC2010)
Software:
ismev; itsmr; MProbe; QSIMVN; RANRTH
Full Text:
References:
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