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Compact failure of multiplicativity for linear maps between Banach algebras. (English) Zbl 1201.47038
Let $\cal A$ and $\cal B$ be Banach algebras and let $T: \cal A \to \cal B$ be a linear map. Set $$S_T (a, b)= T(ab)- T(a) T(b), \quad a, b \in \cal A.$$ For $\delta > 0$, the map $T$ is called $\delta$-multiplicative if $ \| S_T \| < \delta$. In {\it B. E.\thinspace Johnson} [J. Lond. Math. Soc., II. Ser. 34, 489--510 (1986; Zbl 0625.46059)] and [J. Lond. Math. Soc., II. Ser. 37, No. 2, 294--316 (1988; Zbl 0652.46031)], pairs $(\cal A, \cal B)$ which are AMNM (almost multiplicative bounded linear maps are near multiplicative bounded linear maps) were investigated. Since then, many authors have contributed to the study of these algebras. In the paper under review, the author considers other concepts of smallness of $S_T$. First of all, he introduces notions of compactness and weak compactness for multilinear maps from a product of normed spaces to a topological space. As pointed out by the author, compact multilinear maps were also considered in the normed case by {\it N. Krikorian} [Proc. Am. Math. Soc. 33, 373--376 (1972; Zbl 0235.46068)]. Now a map $T$ is said to be a cf-homomorphism (compact from homomorphism) if $S_T$ is compact. On the other hand, $T$ is called semi-cf-homomorphism if, for each $a \in \cal A$, $S_T (a, \cdot)$ and $S_T (\cdot, a)$ are compact linear maps. In a similar way, the author defines weakly compact, $n$-dimensional (resp., semi weakly compact, semi $n$-dimensional) from homomorphism. The author studies general properties of such maps. Moreover, he gives a characterization of some Banach function algebras where such maps are automatically multiplicatives. Finally, the paper is concluded with generalizations of some results in the Hochschild-Kamowitz cohomology theory.
47B48Operators on Banach algebras
46H05General theory of topological algebras
46J10Banach algebras of continuous functions, function algebras
46H25Normed modules and Banach modules, topological modules
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