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The development of sample surveys of finite populations. (English) Zbl 0585.62020
A celebration of statistics, The ISI Centen. Vol., 327-354 (1985).
Summary: [For the entire collection see Zbl 0567.00012.]
This paper discusses selected topics in the theory of methods of sample surveys which have as their objectives to provide inferences about some characteristics of a finite population (as distinguished from inferences about a causal system which may have produced certain characteristics of the finite population).
The paper gives an account of some early developments, considers criteria to guide the choice of sample design, and considers various aspects of probability-sampling designs, including nonsampling error and total survey design. Finally, the paper discusses the role of models in the theory and practice of sample surveys for making inferences about a finite population, and lists some areas for research and development.
62D05 Sampling theory, sample surveys