Estimating freshwater acidification critical load exceedance data for great britain using space-varying relationship models. (English) Zbl 1213.86011

Summary: In this study, two distinct sets of analyses are conducted on a freshwater acidification critical load dataset, with the objective of assessing the quality of various models in estimating critical load exceedance data. Relationships between contextual catchment and critical load data are known to vary across space; as such, we cater for this in our model choice. Firstly, ordinary kriging (OK), multiple linear regression (MLR), geographically weighted regression (GWR), simple kriging with GWR-derived local means (SKlm-GWR), and kriging with an external drift (KED) are used to predict critical loads (and exceedances). Here, models that cater for space-varying relationships (GWR; SKlm-GWR; KED using local neighbourhoods) make more accurate predictions than those that do not (MLR; KED using a global neighbourhood), as well as in comparison to OK. Secondly, as the chosen predictors are not suited to providing useable estimates of critical load exceedance risk, they are replaced with indicator kriging (IK) models. Here, an IK model that is newly adapted to cater for space-varying relationships performs better than those that are not adapted in this way. However, when site misclassification rates are found using either exceedance predictions or estimates of exceedance risk, rates are intolerably high, reflecting much underlying noise in the data.


86A32 Geostatistics


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