Global existence of small amplitude solutions to nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations in four space-time dimensions. (English) Zbl 0597.35100

It is shown that the initial value problem \[ (\partial^ 2_ t- \partial^ 2_ 1-\partial^ 2_ 2-\partial^ 2_ 3)u(t,x)+u(t,x)=F(u,u',u'');\quad u(x,0)=\epsilon f(x),\quad u_ t=\epsilon g(x) \] with \(x\in R^ 3\) and \(t\geq 0\) possesses a unique solution \(u\in C^{\infty}((0,\infty)\times {\mathbb{R}}^ 3)\) for all \(\epsilon\) with \(0<\epsilon <\epsilon_ 0\), if \(\epsilon_ 0\) is sufficiently small. Here F(u,u’,u”) is a smooth function of the solution u and its first derivatives, and if is assumed that F together with its first derivatives vanishes at \((u,u',u'')=0\). Moreover, it is shown that u(t,x) decays as \(t^{-5/4}\) for large t, uniformly in \(x\in {\mathbb{R}}^ 3\). The number \(\epsilon_ 0\) only depends on a finite number of derivatives of f, g and F.
The proof relies essentially on the following result for solutions of the linear Klein-Gordon equation derived in the paper. The solution u of \[ (\partial^ 2_ t-\partial^ 2_ 1-\partial^ 2_ 2-\partial^ 2_ 3)u+u=g;\quad u(x,0)=u_ 0(x),\quad u_ t(x,0)=u_ 1(x) \] subject to the condition \(u,g=0\) for \(| x| \geq t+1\) satisfies \(| u(t,x)| \leq c(1+t)^{-5/4} K\) where K can be estimated by suitable Sobolev norms of the initial values and of g.
Reviewer: H.D.Alber


35Q99 Partial differential equations of mathematical physics and other areas of application
35L05 Wave equation
35B40 Asymptotic behavior of solutions to PDEs
46E35 Sobolev spaces and other spaces of “smooth” functions, embedding theorems, trace theorems
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