Nonlinear analysis and optimum design of Guyed masts. (English) Zbl 1257.90115

Summary: The nonlinear analysis and design optimization of guyed masts is addressed. The mast is modeled as a 3D truss and is supported by catenary cable elements that have nonlinear elastic behavior. For nonlinear static analysis, an innovative procedure is proposed that divides the structure into linear and nonlinear parts and analyzes them separately. The proposed method satisfies the equilibrium and compatibility by establishing and solution of a set of nonlinear equations. The optimization problem employs the sizes of members, initial cable tensions and the positions of anchor on the ground and tie level of cables on the mast as design variables. To facilitate the optimization solution, a compatible sensitivity analysis procedure is proposed. Sensitivities of objective function, displacement and strength constraints in the mast and cables, subjected to a variety of load combinations including dead, wind and ice loads are calculated. Numerical examples are provided to show the nonlinear analysis procedure and the applicability of the algorithm to optimum design of practical guyed masts.


90C90 Applications of mathematical programming
90C30 Nonlinear programming
90C31 Sensitivity, stability, parametric optimization


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