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Combination of electroweak and QCD corrections to single \(W\) production at the fermilab tevatron and the CERN LHC. (English) Zbl 1269.81184
Summary: Precision studies of the production of a high-transverse momentum lepton in association with missing energy at hadron colliders require that electroweak and QCD higher-order contributions are simultaneously taken into account in theoretical predictions and data analysis. Here we present a detailed phenomenological study of the impact of electroweak and strong contributions, as well as of their combination, to all the observables relevant for the various facets of the \(p\overset{(-)} {p} \mathbf{ {lepton}} + X \) physics programme at hadron colliders, including luminosity monitoring and Parton Distribution Functions constraint, \(W\) precision physics and search for new physics signals. We provide a theoretical recipe to carefully combine electroweak and strong corrections, that are mandatory in view of the challenging experimental accuracy already reached at the Fermilab Tevatron and aimed at the CERN LHC, and discuss the uncertainty inherent the combination. We conclude that the theoretical accuracy of our calculation can be conservatively estimated to be about 2% for standard event selections at the Tevatron and the LHC, and about 5% in the very high \(W\) transverse mass/lepton transverse momentum tails. We also provide arguments for a more aggressive error estimate (about 1% and 3%, respectively) and conclude that in order to attain a one per cent accuracy: 1) exact mixed \( \mathcal{O}\left( {\alpha {\alpha_s}} \right) \) corrections should be computed in addition to the already available NNLO QCD contributions and two-loop electroweak Sudakov logarithms; 2) QCD and electroweak corrections should be coherently included into a single event generator.
MSC:
81V05 Strong interaction, including quantum chromodynamics
81V35 Nuclear physics
81V22 Unified quantum theories
81U35 Inelastic and multichannel quantum scattering
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