## Some universal estimates for reversible Markov chains.(English)Zbl 1408.60062

Summary: We obtain universal estimates on the convergence to equilibrium and the times of coupling for continuous time irreducible reversible finite-state Markov chains, both in the total variation and in the $$L^2$$ norms. The estimates in total variation norm are obtained using a novel identity relating the convergence to equilibrium of a reversible Markov chain to the increase in the entropy of its one-dimensional distributions. In addition, we propose a universal way of defining the ultrametric partition structure on the state space of such Markov chains. Finally, for chains reversible with respect to the uniform measure, we show how the global convergence to equilibrium can be controlled using the entropy accumulated by the chain.

### MSC:

 60J10 Markov chains (discrete-time Markov processes on discrete state spaces) 94A17 Measures of information, entropy
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