Markov additive processes. I: Eigenvalue properties and limit theorems. (English) Zbl 0625.60027

Markov additive processes are of the form \(\{(X_ n,S_ n):n=0,1,2,...\}\) where \(X_ n\) is a Markov chain on \({\mathbb{E}}\) (with \(\sigma\)-field \({\mathcal E})\) and \(S_ n=\sum^{n}_{i=1}\xi_ i\) \((\in {\mathbb{R}}^ d)\), and the distribution of \((X_{n+1},\xi_{n+1})\) depends on the past only through \(X_ n\). Let \(I(\cdot)\) be the indicator function and \(E_ x\) denote the expectation conditional on \(X_ 0=x.\)
In this paper a careful study is made of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the kernel defined for \((x,A)\in {\mathbb{E}}\times {\mathcal E}\) by \(\hat P(\alpha) = E_ x(e^{\alpha \xi}I(X_ 1\in A))\) for \(\alpha \in {\mathbb{R}}^ d\). This leads rather naturally to large deviation results for the process. These give information on the large deviation probabilities \[ n^{-1} \log (E_ xI(X_ n\in A,\quad n^{-1} S_ n\in \Gamma)) \] for large n and certain \(\Gamma\). These results are obtained under the condition that a certain multidimensional Laplace transform has an open set as its domain of finiteness.
The sequel, part II, see the following title, Zbl 0625.60028, extends these results using a truncation argument and hence establishes that Markov additive processes obey a large deviation principle. In particular, the lower bound on the large deviation probabilities is obtained under very weak hypotheses.
Reviewer: J.D.Biggins


60F10 Large deviations
60J05 Discrete-time Markov processes on general state spaces
60K15 Markov renewal processes, semi-Markov processes


Zbl 0625.60028
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