Generalized traffic equilibrium with probabilistic travel times and perceptions. (English) Zbl 0626.90026
The paper studies the problem of predicting traffic equilibrium (TE) in a transportation network within the framework of decision making among discrete choices in a probabilistic and uncertain environment. Conventional approaches to predict TE typically assume that travel times are deterministic and perceived accurately by the travelers; and some new TE models have considered probabilistic travel times or inaccurate perceptions but not both. In our generalized model, which we refer to as GTESP, the travel time on each route is random and each traveler perceives, possibly inaccurately, a travel time probability distribution for each route which may vary from traveler to traveler. Each traveler uses a disutility function of travel time to evaluate each route and chooses that route which minimizes his expected disutility. GTESP is difficult to solve for general nonlinear disutility functions. However, special cases - in particular when arc travel times are statistically independent and the disutility functions to evaluate route travel times are linear, exponential, or quadratic - are solvable, at least approximately, GTESP is general in the sense that most existing TE models can be shown to be special or limiting cases of GTESP. Furthermore, this paper demonstrates, with illustrative examples, that GTESP appears to capture travelers’ risk-taking behavior more realistically than existing TE models.
|90B15||Network models, stochastic (optimization)|