Resultant and conductor of geometrically semi-stable self maps of the projective line over a number field or function field. (English) Zbl 1392.37108

Summary: We study the minimal resultant divisor of self-maps of the projective line over a number field or a function field and its relation to the conductor. The guiding focus is the exploration of a dynamical analog to Theorem 1.1, which bounds the degree of the minimal discriminant of an elliptic surface in terms of the conductor. The main theorems of this paper (5.5 and 5.6) establish that, for a degree 2 map, semi-stability in the Geometric Invariant Theory sense on the space of self maps, implies minimality of the resultant. We prove the singular reduction of a semi-stable presentation coincides with the simple bad reduction (Theorem 4.1). Given an elliptic curve over a function field with semi-stable bad reduction, we show the associated Lattès map has unstable bad reduction (Proposition 4.6). Degree 2 maps in normal form with semi-stable bad reduction are used to construct a counterexample (Example 3.1) to a simple dynamical analog to Theorem 1.1.


37P05 Arithmetic and non-Archimedean dynamical systems involving polynomial and rational maps
14L24 Geometric invariant theory
11G05 Elliptic curves over global fields
14G99 Arithmetic problems in algebraic geometry; Diophantine geometry
37P45 Families and moduli spaces in arithmetic and non-Archimedean dynamical systems
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