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Optimal design of multi-echelon supply chain networks under normally distributed demand. (English) Zbl 1314.90085
Summary: This paper addresses the optimal design of a multiproduct, multi-echelon supply network under uncertainty of demand. The network consists of multiproduct production sites, warehouses and distribution centers and decisions about the selection of facilities and their capacity are taken. Furthermore, information about the flows of products transferred and the safety stock at each distribution center is derived. The lead time of an order to a customer is computed, using the probabilities of overstocking and understocking. All these decisions are incorporated into a single period mixed integer non-linear programming problem (MINLP) which minimizes cost. Linearization techniques for selected highly non-linear terms of the models are explored in order to reduce the computational effort for the solution of the model. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is performed by changing product demand parameters and assessing their effect on the supply chain structure.

MSC:
90C35 Programming involving graphs or networks
90C15 Stochastic programming
90B05 Inventory, storage, reservoirs
Software:
DICOPT; GAMS
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