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**A discrete choice model for ordered alternatives.**
*(English)*
Zbl 0654.62093

A generalization of the multinomial logit (MNL) model is developed in which discrete alternatives are ordered so as to induce stochastic correlation among alternatives in close proximity. It is designed for situations where the alternatives are ordered, but is more flexible than previous ordered models. The model belongs to the generalized extreme value class introduced by D. McFadden [Modelling the choice of residential location. A. Karlqvist (ed.), Spatial interaction theory and planning models, 75-96 (1978)] and is therefore consistent with random utility maximization.

A straightforward extension can handle cases where observations have been selected on the basis of a truncated choice set. A two-stage procedure using MNL computer software provides a specification test for MNL against either of these alternative models. The models’ pontinuities (pp. 627- 634). M. V. Dharaneepathy and S. Gomathinayagam; Finite element modelling of semi-submersibles (pp. 635-644). S. K. Sane, C. S. Gurujee, A. R. Malpani and C. M. P. Fernandes; Natural frequency analysis of compressor rotor blades (pp. 645-654). S. K. Sane, C. S. Gurujee, A. R. Malpani, V. N. Sharma and C. M. P. Fernandes; Natural frequency analysis of pretwisted plates (pp. 655-664). S. C. Chakrabarti, G. C. Nayak and D. K. Paul; Free vibration characteristics of prefabricated shear wall including foundation interaction (pp. 665-676). P. S. Nair, M. Sambasiva Rao and S. Durvasula; Vibration data reduction for design, analysis and testing of spacecraft (pp. 677-688). C. V. Ramakrishnan and P. J. Sunder; Comparison of block-stodala and static condensation algorithms for the linear flutter of axisymmetric shells (pp. 689-700). B. G. Prakash and M. S. S. Prabhu; Experience in the use of component mode synthesis in a project environment (pp. 701-710). N. Ganesan and M. S. Dhotarad; Vibration of thermally stressed skewed plates (pp. 711-720). N. Ganesan and M. S. Dhotarad; Nonlinear vibrations of thermally stressed plates by finite element method (pp. 721-732).

DYNAMICS: A. H. Shah, K. C. Wong and S. K. Datta; Dynamic amplification of displacements and stresses in a buried tunnel (pp. 733-742). P. Chellapandi; Treatment of fluid structure interaction with FUSTIN code (pp. 743-752). A. Das Gupta; A dynamic material model from shock compression of geological materials for the ADINA code (pp. 753-760). G. V. Surya Kumar and N. V. Raman; Nonlinear dynamic analysis of guyed towers (pp. 761-770). S. Haranath, N. Ganesan and B. V. A. Rao; Dynamic behaviour of saw blade with applied damping treatment (pp. 771-780). A. R. Chandrasekaran, S. K. Thakkar, D. K. Paul, N. C. Singhal, M. M. Tilak and U. S. P. Verma; Seismic analysis of reactor building on a rocky site (pp. 781-792). R. Patnaik, S. Prakash, H. S. Kushwaha and V. S. Gowaikar; Seismic analysis of ventilation stack (pp. 793-798). R. Singh, H. S. Kushwaha and B. K. Dutta, Seismic response of cooling tower (pp. 799-806). M. N. G. Elayathu and E. M. Abdul Salam; Elastic response of a launch vehicle-payload-fairing to separation shock (pp. 807-814). S. Vasudeva Rao and S. Rahamatulla; Thermal stress analysis of turbine rotor under transients (pp. 815-826). B. K. Raghu Prasad and A. R. Gopalakrishnan; Finite element inelastic analysis of nuclear power plants subjected to dynamic loads (pp. 827-836).

FIELD PROBLEMS: S. K. Saxena and M. Geraminegad; Coupled heat-moisture flow in saturated/unsaturated porous media (pp. 837-852). B. S. Babur and E. Jones; Finite element modelling for nonlinear diffusion equation (pp. 853-860). S. G. Ravikumaur, K. N. Seetharamu and P. A. Aswathanarayana; Analysis of network of heat exchangers using finite elements (pp. 861-870). C. J. G. Chandra, K. N. Seetharamu and M. A. Parameswaran; Finite element methods for investigation of air film in conveyor applications (pp. 871-880). K. N. Shukla and M. J. Chacko; Exact finite elements for parabolic boundary value problems (pp. 881-890).

STRESS CONCENTRATION: T. Krishnamurthy, T. S. Ramamurthy, K. Vijayakumar and B. Dattaguru; Modified crack closure integral method for higher order finite elements (pp. 891-900). K. P. Rao, R. K. Gupta, S. K. Radhamohan and S. Murugesan; Finite element analysis of segment joints in long motor cases (pp. 901-908). R. H. Dodds, S. T. Rolfe and G. Wellman; Finite element predictions of J and CTOD for nonlinear fracture mechanics (pp. 909-922). A. R. Kukreti, A. S. Khan and A. Kumar; A three-dimensional finite element program for crack initiation and propagation in solids (pp. 923-932). A. C. B. Naidu, T. Krishnamurthy, B. Dattaguru, T. S. Ramamurthy and A. K. Rao; Special elements for analysis of fasteners in composite plates (pp. 933-942). A. A. Mufti, N. G. Zamani, J. F. Porter, F. Taheri and L. T. Russell; Prediction of fatigue crack propagation based on finite element fracture analysis (pp. 943-954). R. Ramesh Kumar, K. Rajaiah, R. M. Belkune and Tarun Kant; A finite element method for evaluating stresses around cutouts in shells (pp. 955-966).

GRAPHICS: M. Soerensen and G. Boehmler; The missing link between CAD and FEM - does it exist ? (pp. 967-984). N. Raghavan, S. G. Joglekar and M. C. Tandon; Interactive graphics on a microcomputer for a design office (pp. 985-992). B. S. Babu and G. R. Shevare; Contour plotting using parametric bilinear patches (pp. 993-1000).

A straightforward extension can handle cases where observations have been selected on the basis of a truncated choice set. A two-stage procedure using MNL computer software provides a specification test for MNL against either of these alternative models. The models’ pontinuities (pp. 627- 634). M. V. Dharaneepathy and S. Gomathinayagam; Finite element modelling of semi-submersibles (pp. 635-644). S. K. Sane, C. S. Gurujee, A. R. Malpani and C. M. P. Fernandes; Natural frequency analysis of compressor rotor blades (pp. 645-654). S. K. Sane, C. S. Gurujee, A. R. Malpani, V. N. Sharma and C. M. P. Fernandes; Natural frequency analysis of pretwisted plates (pp. 655-664). S. C. Chakrabarti, G. C. Nayak and D. K. Paul; Free vibration characteristics of prefabricated shear wall including foundation interaction (pp. 665-676). P. S. Nair, M. Sambasiva Rao and S. Durvasula; Vibration data reduction for design, analysis and testing of spacecraft (pp. 677-688). C. V. Ramakrishnan and P. J. Sunder; Comparison of block-stodala and static condensation algorithms for the linear flutter of axisymmetric shells (pp. 689-700). B. G. Prakash and M. S. S. Prabhu; Experience in the use of component mode synthesis in a project environment (pp. 701-710). N. Ganesan and M. S. Dhotarad; Vibration of thermally stressed skewed plates (pp. 711-720). N. Ganesan and M. S. Dhotarad; Nonlinear vibrations of thermally stressed plates by finite element method (pp. 721-732).

DYNAMICS: A. H. Shah, K. C. Wong and S. K. Datta; Dynamic amplification of displacements and stresses in a buried tunnel (pp. 733-742). P. Chellapandi; Treatment of fluid structure interaction with FUSTIN code (pp. 743-752). A. Das Gupta; A dynamic material model from shock compression of geological materials for the ADINA code (pp. 753-760). G. V. Surya Kumar and N. V. Raman; Nonlinear dynamic analysis of guyed towers (pp. 761-770). S. Haranath, N. Ganesan and B. V. A. Rao; Dynamic behaviour of saw blade with applied damping treatment (pp. 771-780). A. R. Chandrasekaran, S. K. Thakkar, D. K. Paul, N. C. Singhal, M. M. Tilak and U. S. P. Verma; Seismic analysis of reactor building on a rocky site (pp. 781-792). R. Patnaik, S. Prakash, H. S. Kushwaha and V. S. Gowaikar; Seismic analysis of ventilation stack (pp. 793-798). R. Singh, H. S. Kushwaha and B. K. Dutta, Seismic response of cooling tower (pp. 799-806). M. N. G. Elayathu and E. M. Abdul Salam; Elastic response of a launch vehicle-payload-fairing to separation shock (pp. 807-814). S. Vasudeva Rao and S. Rahamatulla; Thermal stress analysis of turbine rotor under transients (pp. 815-826). B. K. Raghu Prasad and A. R. Gopalakrishnan; Finite element inelastic analysis of nuclear power plants subjected to dynamic loads (pp. 827-836).

FIELD PROBLEMS: S. K. Saxena and M. Geraminegad; Coupled heat-moisture flow in saturated/unsaturated porous media (pp. 837-852). B. S. Babur and E. Jones; Finite element modelling for nonlinear diffusion equation (pp. 853-860). S. G. Ravikumaur, K. N. Seetharamu and P. A. Aswathanarayana; Analysis of network of heat exchangers using finite elements (pp. 861-870). C. J. G. Chandra, K. N. Seetharamu and M. A. Parameswaran; Finite element methods for investigation of air film in conveyor applications (pp. 871-880). K. N. Shukla and M. J. Chacko; Exact finite elements for parabolic boundary value problems (pp. 881-890).

STRESS CONCENTRATION: T. Krishnamurthy, T. S. Ramamurthy, K. Vijayakumar and B. Dattaguru; Modified crack closure integral method for higher order finite elements (pp. 891-900). K. P. Rao, R. K. Gupta, S. K. Radhamohan and S. Murugesan; Finite element analysis of segment joints in long motor cases (pp. 901-908). R. H. Dodds, S. T. Rolfe and G. Wellman; Finite element predictions of J and CTOD for nonlinear fracture mechanics (pp. 909-922). A. R. Kukreti, A. S. Khan and A. Kumar; A three-dimensional finite element program for crack initiation and propagation in solids (pp. 923-932). A. C. B. Naidu, T. Krishnamurthy, B. Dattaguru, T. S. Ramamurthy and A. K. Rao; Special elements for analysis of fasteners in composite plates (pp. 933-942). A. A. Mufti, N. G. Zamani, J. F. Porter, F. Taheri and L. T. Russell; Prediction of fatigue crack propagation based on finite element fracture analysis (pp. 943-954). R. Ramesh Kumar, K. Rajaiah, R. M. Belkune and Tarun Kant; A finite element method for evaluating stresses around cutouts in shells (pp. 955-966).

GRAPHICS: M. Soerensen and G. Boehmler; The missing link between CAD and FEM - does it exist ? (pp. 967-984). N. Raghavan, S. G. Joglekar and M. C. Tandon; Interactive graphics on a microcomputer for a design office (pp. 985-992). B. S. Babu and G. R. Shevare; Contour plotting using parametric bilinear patches (pp. 993-1000).

### MSC:

62P20 | Applications of statistics to economics |