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Integer programming models for feature selection: new extensions and a randomized solution algorithm. (English) Zbl 1346.90605
Summary: Feature selection methods are used in machine learning and data analysis to select a subset of features that may be successfully used in the construction of a model for the data. These methods are applied under the assumption that often many of the available features are redundant for the purpose of the analysis. In this paper, we focus on a particular method for feature selection in supervised learning problems, based on a linear programming model with integer variables. For the solution of the optimization problem associated with this approach, we propose a novel robust metaheuristics algorithm that relies on a Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure, extended with the adoption of short memory and a local search strategy. The performances of our heuristic algorithm are successfully compared with those of well-established feature selection methods, both on simulated and real data from biological applications. The obtained results suggest that our method is particularly suited for problems with a very large number of binary or categorical features.

90C10 Integer programming
62H30 Classification and discrimination; cluster analysis (statistical aspects)
68T05 Learning and adaptive systems in artificial intelligence
Full Text: DOI
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