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The geometry of \(C_{60}\): a rigorous approach via molecular mechanics. (English) Zbl 1353.82072
The fullerenes have attracted an immerse amount of attention in the scientific literature. The identification of their three-dimensional structure; the study of their chemical properties, including aromaticity, solubility, and electrochemistry; and their application in medicine and pharmacology have developed into the new branch of Fullerene Chemistry. Usually a central question concerning fullerenes is their stability, either from the electrochemical, or the mechanical standpoint. Stability is believed to be a key factor in explaining why just a few fullerenes isomers out of a theoretically predicted wide variety have actually been revealed. Among these the fullerene \(C_{60}\) experimentally discovered in 1985 is remarkably stable and considerably amounts of these molecules have been detected in the interstellar space. Here a rigorous analysis of the geometric structures and the stability properties of the \(C_{60}\) molecule is given. The analysis set within the variational frame of molecular mechanics. This consists of modeling molecular configurations in terms of classical mechanics: atomic relations are described by classical interaction potentials between atomic positions. The bibliography of the article consists of 55 references.

82D25 Statistical mechanical studies of crystals
82D80 Statistical mechanical studies of nanostructures and nanoparticles
Full Text: DOI arXiv
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