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An efficient multicore implementation of a novel HSS-structured multifrontal solver using randomized sampling. (English) Zbl 1352.65092
Summary: We present a sparse linear system solver that is based on a multifrontal variant of Gaussian elimination and exploits low-rank approximation of the resulting dense frontal matrices. We use hierarchically semiseparable (HSS) matrices, which have low-rank off-diagonal blocks, to approximate the frontal matrices. For HSS matrix construction, a randomized sampling algorithm is used together with interpolative decompositions. The combination of the randomized compression with a fast ULV HSS factorization leads to a solver with lower computational complexity than the standard multifrontal method for many applications, resulting in speedups up to sevenfold for problems in our test suite. The implementation targets many-core systems by using task parallelism with dynamic runtime scheduling. Numerical experiments show performance improvements over state-of-the-art sparse direct solvers. The implementation achieves high performance and good scalability on a range of modern shared memory parallel systems, including the Intel Xeon Phi (MIC). The code is part of a software package called STRUMPACK (STRUctured Matrices PACKage), which also has a distributed memory component for dense rank-structured matrices.
Reviewer: Reviewer (Berlin)

65F05 Direct numerical methods for linear systems and matrix inversion
65F50 Computational methods for sparse matrices
65Y05 Parallel numerical computation
65Y20 Complexity and performance of numerical algorithms
Full Text: DOI
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