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**Uniform bounds for the number of rational points on curves of small Mordell-Weil rank.**
*(English)*
Zbl 1428.11121

Summary: Let \(X\) be a curve of genus \(g\geq2\) over a number field \(F\) of degree \(d=[F:\mathbb{Q}]\). The conjectural existence of a uniform bound \(N(g,d)\) on the number \(\#X(F)\) of \(F\)-rational points of \(X\) is an outstanding open problem in arithmetic geometry, known by the work of Caporaso, Harris, and Mazur to follow from the Bombieri-Lang conjecture. A related conjecture posits the existence of a uniform bound \(N_{\mathrm{tors},\dagger}(g,d)\) on the number of geometric torsion points of the Jacobian \(J\) of \(X\) which lie on the image of \(X\) under an Abel-Jacobi map. For fixed \(X\), the finiteness of this quantity is the Manin-Mumford conjecture, which was proved by Raynaud.

We give an explicit uniform bound on \(\#X(F)\) when \(X\) has Mordell-Weil rank \(r\leq g-3\). This generalizes recent work of M. Stoll on uniform bounds for hyperelliptic curves of small rank to arbitrary curves [J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS) 21, No. 3, 923–956 (2019; Zbl 1428.11122)]. Using the same techniques, we give an explicit, unconditional uniform bound on the number of \(F\)-rational torsion points of \(J\) lying on the image of \(X\) under an Abel-Jacobi map. We also give an explicit uniform bound on the number of geometric torsion points of \(J\) lying on \(X\) when the reduction type of \(X\) is highly degenerate.

Our methods combine Chabauty-Coleman’s \(p\)-adic integration, non-Archimedean potential theory on Berkovich curves, and the theory of linear systems and divisors on metric graphs.

We give an explicit uniform bound on \(\#X(F)\) when \(X\) has Mordell-Weil rank \(r\leq g-3\). This generalizes recent work of M. Stoll on uniform bounds for hyperelliptic curves of small rank to arbitrary curves [J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS) 21, No. 3, 923–956 (2019; Zbl 1428.11122)]. Using the same techniques, we give an explicit, unconditional uniform bound on the number of \(F\)-rational torsion points of \(J\) lying on the image of \(X\) under an Abel-Jacobi map. We also give an explicit uniform bound on the number of geometric torsion points of \(J\) lying on \(X\) when the reduction type of \(X\) is highly degenerate.

Our methods combine Chabauty-Coleman’s \(p\)-adic integration, non-Archimedean potential theory on Berkovich curves, and the theory of linear systems and divisors on metric graphs.

### MSC:

11G30 | Curves of arbitrary genus or genus \(\ne 1\) over global fields |

14H25 | Arithmetic ground fields for curves |

14G05 | Rational points |

14T25 | Arithmetic aspects of tropical varieties |