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Cox regression with exclusion frequency-based weights to identify neuroimaging markers relevant to Huntington’s disease onset. (English) Zbl 1454.62333

Summary: Biomedical studies of neuroimaging and genomics collect large amounts of data on a small subset of subjects so as to not miss informative predictors. An important goal is identifying those predictors that provide better visualization of the data and that could serve as cost-effective measures for future clinical trials. Identifying such predictors is challenging, however, when the predictors are naturally interrelated and the response is a failure time prone to censoring. We propose to handle these challenges with a novel variable selection technique. Our approach casts the problem into several smaller dimensional settings and extracts from this intermediary step the relative importance of each predictor through data-driven weights called exclusion frequencies. The exclusion frequencies are used as weights in a weighted Lasso, and results yield low false discovery rates and a high geometric mean of sensitivity and specificity. We illustrate the method’s advantages over existing ones in an extensive simulation study, and use the method to identify relevant neuroimaging markers associated with Huntington’s disease onset.

MSC:

62P10 Applications of statistics to biology and medical sciences; meta analysis
62J07 Ridge regression; shrinkage estimators (Lasso)
62N01 Censored data models
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