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Convergence of the matrix transformation method for the finite difference approximation of fractional order diffusion problems. (English) Zbl 1424.35354
Summary: Numerical solution of fractional order diffusion problems with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions is investigated on a square domain. An appropriate extension is applied to have a well-posed problem on \(\mathbb{R}^2\) and the solution on the square is regarded as a localization. For the numerical approximation a finite difference method is applied combined with the matrix transformation method. Here the discrete fractional Laplacian is approximated with a matrix power instead of computing the complicated approximations of fractional order derivatives. The spatial convergence of this method is proved and demonstrated by some numerical experiments.
MSC:
35R11 Fractional partial differential equations
65M06 Finite difference methods for initial value and initial-boundary value problems involving PDEs
65M12 Stability and convergence of numerical methods for initial value and initial-boundary value problems involving PDEs
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