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On boundary integral equations for crack problems. (English) Zbl 0674.73071
Summary: A ubiquitous linear boundary-value problem in mathematical physics involves solving a partial differential equation exterior to a thin obstacle. One typical example is the scattering of scalar waves by a curved crack or rigid strip (Neumann boundary condition) in two dimensions. This problem can be reduced to an integrodifferential equation, which is often regularized. We adopt a more direct approach, and prove that the problem can be reduced to a hypersingular boundary integral equation. (Similar reductions will obtain in more complicated situations.) Computational schemes for solving this equation are described, with special emphasis on smoothness requirements. Extensions to three-dimensional problems involving an arbitrary smooth bounded crack in an elastic solid are discussed.

74R05 Brittle damage
74S30 Other numerical methods in solid mechanics (MSC2010)
65R20 Numerical methods for integral equations
65N30 Finite element, Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods for boundary value problems involving PDEs
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