Characteristic foliation on non-uniruled smooth divisors on hyperkähler manifolds. (English) Zbl 1402.14010

Summary: We prove that the characteristic foliation \(\mathcal{F}\) on a non-singular divisor \(\mathcal{D}\) in an irreducible projective hyperkähler manifold \(X\) cannot be algebraic, unless the leaves of \(\mathcal{F}\) are rational curves or \(X\) is a surface. More generally, we show that if \(X\) is an arbitrary projective manifold carrying a holomorphic symplectic 2-form, and \(\mathcal{D}\) and \(\mathcal{F}\) are as above, then \(\mathcal{F}\) can be algebraic with non-rational leaves only when, up to a finite étale cover, \(X\) is the product of a symplectic projective manifold \(Y\) with a symplectic surface and \(\mathcal{D}\) is the pullback of a curve on this surface. When \(\mathcal{D}\) is of general type, the fact that \(\mathcal{F}\) cannot be algebraic unless \(X\) is a surface was proved by Hwang and Viehweg. The main new ingredient for our results is the observation that the canonical class of the (orbifold) base of the family of leaves is zero. This implies, in particular, the isotriviality of the family of leaves of \(\mathcal{F}\). We show this, more generally, for regular algebraic foliations by curves defined by the vanishing of a holomorphic \((d-1)\)-form on a complex projective manifold of dimension \(d\).


14D06 Fibrations, degenerations in algebraic geometry
14C05 Parametrization (Chow and Hilbert schemes)
14J28 \(K3\) surfaces and Enriques surfaces
14J70 Hypersurfaces and algebraic geometry
32S65 Singularities of holomorphic vector fields and foliations
53C26 Hyper-Kähler and quaternionic Kähler geometry, “special” geometry
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