Poincaré inequalities on intervals – application to sensitivity analysis. (English) Zbl 1454.60030

Summary: The development of global sensitivity analysis of numerical model outputs has recently raised new issues on 1-dimensional Poincaré inequalities. Typically two kinds of sensitivity indices are linked by a Poincaré type inequality, which provides upper bounds of the most interpretable index by using the other one, cheaper to compute. This allows performing a low-cost screening of unessential variables. The efficiency of this screening then highly depends on the accuracy of the upper bounds in Poincaré inequalities. The novelty in the questions concern the wide range of probability distributions involved, which are often truncated on intervals. After providing an overview of the existing knowledge and techniques, we add some theory about Poincaré constants on intervals, with improvements for symmetric intervals. Then we exploit the spectral interpretation for computing exact value of Poincaré constants of any admissible distribution on a given interval. We give semi-analytical results for some frequent distributions (truncated exponential, triangular, truncated normal), and present a numerical method in the general case. Finally, an application is made to a hydrological problem, showing the benefits of the new results in Poincaré inequalities to sensitivity analysis.


60E15 Inequalities; stochastic orderings
62P12 Applications of statistics to environmental and related topics
62P30 Applications of statistics in engineering and industry; control charts
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