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Additive combinatorics methods in associative algebras. (English) Zbl 1426.11120
Summary: We adapt methods coming from additive combinatorics in groups to the study of linear span in associative unital algebras. In particular, we establish for these algebras analogues of Diderrich-Kneser’s and Hamidoune’s theorems on sumsets and Tao’s theorem on sets of small doubling. In passing we classify the finite-dimensional algebras over infinite fields with finitely many subalgebras. These algebras play a crucial role in our linear version of Diderrich-Kneser’s theorem. We also explain how the original theorems for groups we linearize can be easily deduced from our results applied to group algebras. Finally, we give lower bounds for the Minkowski product of two subsets in finite monoids by using their associated monoid algebras.

MSC:
11P70 Inverse problems of additive number theory, including sumsets
16S34 Group rings
20D60 Arithmetic and combinatorial problems involving abstract finite groups
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