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Martingale-based residuals for survival models. (English) Zbl 0692.62082
Summary: Graphical methods based on the analysis of residuals are considered for the setting of the highly-used D. R. Cox [J. R. Stat. Soc., Ser. B 34, 187-220 (1972; Zbl 0243.62041)] regression model and for the P. K. Andersen and R. D. Gill [Ann. Stat. 10, 1100-1120 (1982; Zbl 0526.62026)] generalization of that model. We start with a class of martingale-based residuals as proposed by W. E. Barlow and R. L. Prentice [Biometrika 75, 65-74 (1988; Zbl 0632.62102)]. These residuals and/or their transforms are useful for investigating the functional form of covariate, the proportional hazards assumption, the leverage of each subject upon the estimates of $$\beta$$, and the lack of model fit to a given subject.

##### MSC:
 62P10 Applications of statistics to biology and medical sciences; meta analysis 62M99 Inference from stochastic processes
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