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Generalized mutual synchronization between two controlled interdependent networks. (English) Zbl 1406.93055

Summary: This paper mainly focuses on the generalized mutual synchronization between two controlled interdependent networks. First, we propose the general model of controlled interdependent networks \(A\) and \(B\) with time-varying internetwork delays coupling. Then, by constructing Lyapunov functions and utilizing adaptive control technique, some sufficient conditions are established to ensure that the mutual synchronization errors between the state variables of networks \(A\) and \(B\) can asymptotically converge to zero. Finally, two numerical examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the theoretical results and to explore potential application in future smart grid. The simulation results also show how interdependent topologies and internetwork coupling delays influence the mutual synchronizability, which help to design interdependent networks with optimal mutual synchronizability.

MSC:

93A15 Large-scale systems
93C40 Adaptive control/observation systems
90B10 Deterministic network models in operations research
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