Differential subordination under change of law. (English) Zbl 1467.60029

Summary: We prove optimal \(L^{2}\) bounds for a pair of Hilbert space valued differentially subordinate martingales under a change of law. The change of law is given by a process called a weight and sharpness, and in this context refers to the optimal growth with respect to the characteristic of the weight. The pair of martingales is adapted, uniformly integrable and càdlàg. Differential subordination is in the sense of Burkholder, defined through the use of the square bracket. In the scalar dyadic setting with underlying Lebesgue measure, this was proved by J. Wittwer [Math. Res. Lett. 7, No. 1, 1–12 (2000; Zbl 0951.42008)], where homogeneity was heavily used. Recent progress by C. Thiele et al. [Adv. Math. 285, 1155–1188 (2015; Zbl 1332.42005)] and M. T. Lacey [Isr. J. Math. 217, 181–195 (2017; Zbl 1368.42016)] independently resolved the so-called nonhomogenous case using discrete in time filtrations, where one martingale is a predictable multiplier of the other. The general case for continuous-in-time filtrations and pairs of martingales that are not necessarily predictable multipliers, remained open and is addressed here. As a very useful second main result, we give the explicit expression of a Bellman function of four variables for the weighted estimate of subordinate martingales with jumps. This construction includes an analysis of the regularity of this function as well as a very precise convexity, needed to deal with the jump part.


60G44 Martingales with continuous parameter
60G46 Martingales and classical analysis
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