A coarse-graining framework for spiking neuronal networks: from strongly-coupled conductance-based integrate-and-fire neurons to augmented systems of ODEs.

*(English)*Zbl 1414.92060Summary: Homogeneously structured, fluctuation-driven networks of spiking neurons can exhibit a wide variety of dynamical behaviors, ranging from homogeneity to synchrony. We extend our partitioned-ensemble average (PEA) formalism proposed in [J. Zhang et al., J. Comput. Neurosci. 37, No. 1, 81–104 (2014; Zbl 1382.92104)] to systematically coarse grain the heterogeneous dynamics of strongly coupled, conductance-based integrate-and-fire neuronal networks. The population dynamics models derived here successfully capture the so-called multiple-firing events (MFEs), which emerge naturally in fluctuation-driven networks of strongly coupled neurons. Although these MFEs likely play a crucial role in the generation of the neuronal avalanches observed in vitro and in vivo, the mechanisms underlying these MFEs cannot easily be understood using standard population dynamic models. Using our PEA formalism, we systematically generate a sequence of model reductions, going from master equations, to Fokker-Planck equations, and finally, to an augmented system of ordinary differential equations. Furthermore, we show that these reductions can faithfully describe the heterogeneous dynamic regimes underlying the generation of MFEs in strongly coupled conductance-based integrate-and-fire neuronal networks.

##### MSC:

92B20 | Neural networks for/in biological studies, artificial life and related topics |

92C20 | Neural biology |

##### Keywords:

spiking neurons; synchrony; homogeneity; multiple firing events; partitioned-ensemble-average; maximum entropy principle; coarse-graining method##### Software:

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\textit{J. Zhang} et al., J. Comput. Neurosci. 46, No. 2, 211--232 (2019; Zbl 1414.92060)

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