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A functional limit theorem for the sine-process. (English) Zbl 1479.60068

Summary: The main result of this paper is a functional limit theorem for the sine-process. In particular, we study the limit distribution, in the space of trajectories, for the number of particles in a growing interval. The sine-process has the Kolmogorov property and satisfies the central limit theorem, but our functional limit theorem is very different from the Donsker Invariance Principle. We show that the time integral of our process can be approximated by the sum of a linear Gaussian process and independent Gaussian fluctuations whose covariance matrix is computed explicitly. We interpret these results in terms of the Gaussian free field convergence for the random matrix models. The proof relies on a general form of the multidimensional central limit theorem under the sine-process for linear statistics of two types: those having growing variance and those with bounded variance corresponding to observables of Sobolev regularity 1/2.

MSC:

60F17 Functional limit theorems; invariance principles
60B20 Random matrices (probabilistic aspects)
60G10 Stationary stochastic processes
60G15 Gaussian processes
60G55 Point processes (e.g., Poisson, Cox, Hawkes processes)
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