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Monotonicity properties of norms. (English) Zbl 0717.15015
Let \({\mathbb{C}}^ d\) denote complex d space, i.e., the set of \(d\times 1\) complex matrices. Let n be a norm on \({\mathbb{C}}^ d\) (n: \({\mathbb{C}}^ d\to {\mathbb{R}}\) has n(x)\(\geq 0\) with equality only if \(x=0\), \(n(\alpha x)=| \alpha | n(x)\), and \(n(x+y)\leq n(x)+n(y)\) for all \(x,y\in {\mathbb{C}}^ d\), \(\alpha\in {\mathbb{C}})\). The notations \(| \cdot |\) and \(\leq\) on \({\mathbb{C}}^ d\) are taken componentwise. n is absolute if \(n(x)=n(| x|)\) for all \(x\in {\mathbb{C}}^ d\); n is monotone if n(x)\(\leq n(y)\) for all \(x,y\in {\mathbb{C}}^ d\) with \(| x| \leq | y|\). Several properties involving these concepts are considered for that of a particular norm n (which n may or may not satisfy). A complete set of implications among the properties is given.
Reviewer: R.Sinkhorn

MSC:
15A60 Norms of matrices, numerical range, applications of functional analysis to matrix theory
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