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PBDW: a non-intrusive reduced basis data assimilation method and its application to an urban dispersion modeling framework. (English) Zbl 07187269
Summary: The challenges of understanding the impacts of air pollution require detailed information on the state of air quality. While many modeling approaches attempt to treat this problem, physically-based deterministic methods are often overlooked due to their costly computational requirements and complicated implementation. In this work we extend a non-intrusive Reduced Basis Data Assimilation method (known as PBDW state estimation) to large pollutant dispersion case studies relying on equations involved in chemical transport models for air quality modeling. This, with the goal of rendering methods based on parameterized partial differential equations (PDE) feasible in air quality modeling applications requiring quasi-real-time approximation and correction of model error in imperfect models. Reduced basis methods (RBM) aim to compute a cheap and accurate approximation of a physical state using approximation spaces made of a suitable sample of solutions to the model. One of the keys of these techniques is the decomposition of the computational work into an expensive one-time offline stage and a low-cost parameter-dependent online stage. Traditional RBMs require modifying the assembly routines of the computational code, an intrusive procedure which may be impossible in cases of operational model codes. We propose a less intrusive reduced order method using data assimilation for measured pollution concentrations, adapted for consideration of the scale and specific application to exterior pollutant dispersion as can be found in urban air quality studies. Common statistical techniques of data assimilation in use in these applications require large historical data sets, or time-consuming iterative methods. The method proposed here avoids both disadvantages. In the case studies presented in this work, the method allows to correct for unmodeled physics and treat cases of unknown parameter values, all while significantly reducing online computational time.

MSC:
86-XX Geophysics
62-XX Statistics
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