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Renormalization group effects in dark matter interactions. (English) Zbl 1435.85007
Summary: We present a renormalization-group (RG) analysis of dark matter interactions with the standard model, where dark matter is allowed to be a component of an electroweak multiplet, and has a mass at or below the electroweak scale. We consider, in addition to the gauge interactions, the complete set of effective operators for dark matter interactions with the standard model above the weak scale, up to and including mass dimension six. We calculate the RG evolution of these operators from the high scale \(\Lambda\) down to the weak scale, and perform the matching to the tower of effective theories below the weak scale. We also summarize the RG evolution below the weak scale and the matching to the nonrelativistic nuclear interactions. We present several numerical examples and show that in certain cases the dark matter – nucleus scattering rate can change by orders of magnitude when the electroweak running is included.
MSC:
85A40 Astrophysical cosmology
83C56 Dark matter and dark energy
81T17 Renormalization group methods applied to problems in quantum field theory
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