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An extension of Quillen’s theorem B. (English) Zbl 1448.18017
Quillen’s Theorem B is one of the first results in [D. Quillen, Lect. Notes Math. 341, 85–147 (1973; Zbl 0292.18004)], playing an important role in the foundations of algebraic \(K\)-theory. This paper establishes a very general version of Theorem B over an arbitrary site, for actions of a presheaf of simplicial categories on another simplicial presheaf (Theorem 5.1), which claims that if the action is by weak equivalences in some further left Bousfield localization of one of the standard model structures on simplicial presheaves, then the fiber and the homotopy fiber of the action become equivalent in this localization.
Theorem 5.1 has expected applications such as a version of the group completion theorem for actions of presheaves of simplicial monoids, such as the classifying space of a coproduct \(\bigsqcup_n \,BGL_{n}(R)\) for a sheaf of rings \(R\) (Examples 6.11 and 6.14). When \(R\) is a sheaf of commutative rings on a site, the theorem means that the associated projective space \(\mathbb{P}^{\infty}\) is \(\mathbb{A}^{1}\)-homotopy equivalent to its group completion \(\Omega B(\mathbb{P}^{\infty})\) (Example 6.10). It is expected that the theorem may have further applications when applied to specific sites such as the Nisnevich topology for \(\mathbb{A}^{1}\)-homotopy theory [F. Morel and V. Voevodsky, Publ. Math., Inst. Hautes Étud. Sci. 90, 45–143 (1999; Zbl 0983.14007)]. One can recover, as another special case of the theorem, a version of Puppe’s theorem for homotopy cartesian morphisms between diagrams of simplicial presheaves over a site (Example 6.2), which reduces, in the particular case of simplicial sets, to a variant of Puppe’s theorem for Bousfield localization [W. Chachólski et al., Contemp. Math. 399, 55–72 (2006; Zbl 1117.55014)]. When applied to a left exact localization of simplicial presheaves, the theorem gives what is sometimes referred to as Rezk descent for \(\infty\)-toposes [C. Rezk, “Fibrations and homotopy colimits of simplicial sheaves”, Preprint, arXiv:math/9811038]. By recasting the theorem in terms of an equivalence of model categories, one gets a generalization of a result by J. F. Jardine [\(K\)-Theory 37, No. 3, 291–309 (2006; Zbl 1106.14008)].
MSC:
18F20 Presheaves and sheaves, stacks, descent conditions (category-theoretic aspects)
55U35 Abstract and axiomatic homotopy theory in algebraic topology
55U10 Simplicial sets and complexes in algebraic topology
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