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Mixing enhancement in binary fluids using optimised stirring strategies. (English) Zbl 07235486
Summary: Mixing of binary fluids by moving stirrers is a commonplace process in many industrial applications, where even modest improvements in mixing efficiency could translate into considerable power savings or enhanced product quality. We propose a gradient-based nonlinear optimisation scheme to minimise the mix-norm of a passive scalar. The velocities of two cylindrical stirrers, moving on concentric circular paths inside a circular container, represent the control variables, and an iterative direct-adjoint algorithm is employed to arrive at enhanced mixing results. The associated stirring protocol is characterised by a complex interplay of vortical structures, generated and promoted by the stirrers’ action. Full convergence of the optimisation process requires constraints that penalise the acceleration of the moving bodies. Under these conditions, considerable mixing enhancement can be accomplished, even though an optimum cannot be guaranteed due to the non-convex nature of the optimisation problem. Various challenges and extensions of our approach are discussed.
76T99 Multiphase and multicomponent flows
76F25 Turbulent transport, mixing
Full Text: DOI
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