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Modeling intensive polytomous time-series eye-tracking data: a dynamic tree-based item response model. (English) Zbl 1447.62124
Summary: This paper presents a dynamic tree-based item response (IRTree) model as a novel extension of the autoregressive generalized linear mixed effect model (dynamic GLMM). We illustrate the unique utility of the dynamic IRTree model in its capability of modeling differentiated processes indicated by intensive polytomous time-series eye-tracking data. The dynamic IRTree was inspired by but is distinct from the dynamic GLMM which was previously presented by the first author et al. [Psychometrika 83, No. 3, 751–771 (2018; Zbl 1422.62345)]. Unlike the dynamic IRTree, the dynamic GLMM is suitable for modeling intensive binary time-series eye-tracking data to identify visual attention to a single interest area over all other possible fixation locations. The dynamic IRTree model is a general modeling framework which can be used to model change processes (trend and autocorrelation) and which allows for decomposing data into various sources of heterogeneity. The dynamic IRTree model was illustrated using an experimental study that employed the visual-world eye-tracking technique. The results of a simulation study showed that parameter recovery of the model was satisfactory and that ignoring trend and autoregressive effects resulted in biased estimates of experimental condition effects in the same conditions found in the empirical study.
MSC:
62P15 Applications of statistics to psychology
62M10 Time series, auto-correlation, regression, etc. in statistics (GARCH)
Software:
cquad; irtrees; lme4; R; Stan; Stata
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