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Fibration of the phase space for the Korteweg-de Vries equation. (English) Zbl 0731.58033
We prove that the fibration of \(L^ 2(S^ 1)\) by potentials which are isospectral for the 1-dimensional periodic Schrödinger equation, is trivial. This result can be applied, in particular, to N-gap solutions of the Korteweg-de Vries equation (KdV) on the circle: one shows that KdV, a completely integrable Hamiltonian system, has global action-angle variables.

37J35 Completely integrable finite-dimensional Hamiltonian systems, integration methods, integrability tests
37K10 Completely integrable infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian and Lagrangian systems, integration methods, integrability tests, integrable hierarchies (KdV, KP, Toda, etc.)
37C85 Dynamics induced by group actions other than \(\mathbb{Z}\) and \(\mathbb{R}\), and \(\mathbb{C}\)
37A30 Ergodic theorems, spectral theory, Markov operators
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