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**Giants.**
*(English)*
Zbl 0778.01011

The article is based on an address given by the author at the 75th anniversary of the founding of the Mathematical Association of America, Columbus, Ohio, in Auguste 1990. The author (born 1923), herself a distinguished applied mathematician, is dealing with the biographies of six “giants” in that field, including her father J. L. Synge (born 1897). Sir Geoffrey Taylor and Theodor von Kármán are described as mathematicians, devoted exclusively to applications. Norbert Wiener, John von Neumann, and Morawetz’ teacher, Kurt Friedrichs, divided their time between pure and applied mathematics. The author discusses in short Taylor’s work on turbulence and Kármán’s “vortex street”, which were close to her own work in fluid dynamics. Occasionally Morawetz mentions social restrictions for women in mathematics, which she witnessed in Cambridge (England) and Pasadena (California) as late as 1945.

Reviewer: R.Siegmund-Schultze (Berlin)

### MSC:

01A60 | History of mathematics in the 20th century |

01A70 | Biographies, obituaries, personalia, bibliographies |