The explosion of singular cycles. (English) Zbl 0801.58010

In the work of S. Newhouse and J. Palis [“Bifurcations of Morse-Smale dynamical systems”, Dynamical Syst., Proc. Sympos. Univ. Bahia, Salvador 1971, 303-366 (1973; Zbl 0279.58011)] one-parameter families of diffeomorphisms corresponding to values of the parameter close to the first bifurcation parameter (i.e. the first value of the parameter for which the diffeomorphism is not Morse-Smale) were considered. In the article under review, as in the work of S. Newhouse, J. Palis and F. Takens [Publ. Math., Inst. Hautes Étud. Sci. 57, 5-71 (1983; Zbl 0518.58031)] the authors describe how the cycle explodes when the parameter increases. Explosion means a sudden increase of the size of a relevant dynamically defined set triggered by a small perturbation of the system. So, for example, in the above indicated works and in the paper of S. Newhouse and J. Palis in Astérisque, 31, 44-140 (1976; Zbl 0322.58009)] a perturbation of the system leads to the creation of homoclinic tangencies and then to the vast array of phenomena they carry on their wake (Newhouse wild horseshoes, persistent tangencies, non-hyperbolic attractors). The explosion of singular cycles (cycles containing a hyperbolic singularity) is also considered. The authors describe how they explode in a way entirely different from that of the cycles of diffeomorphisms of surfaces of the Afrajmovich-Shil’nikov cycles [V. S. Afrajmovich and L. P. Shil’nikov, Math. USSR, Izv. 8 (1974), 1235-1270 (1976); translation from Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Mat. 38, 1248-1288 (1974; Zbl 0322.58007)].


58E07 Variational problems in abstract bifurcation theory in infinite-dimensional spaces
37G15 Bifurcations of limit cycles and periodic orbits in dynamical systems
37G99 Local and nonlocal bifurcation theory for dynamical systems
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