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On topologization of countably generated algebras. (English) Zbl 0832.46042
Summary: We prove that any real or complex countably generated algebra has a complete locally convex topology making it a topological algebra. Assuming the continuum hypothesis, it is the best possible result expressed in terms of the cardinality of a set of generators. This result is a corollary to a theorem stating that a free algebra provided with the maximal locally convex topology is a topological algebra if and only if the number of variables is at most countable. As a byproduct we obtain an example of a semitopological (non-topological) algebra with every commutative subalgebra topological.

MSC:
46H05 General theory of topological algebras
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