##
**Bernstein’s inequality on algebraic curves.**
*(English)*
Zbl 0842.26013

In this paper, authors estimate the growth of polynomials on a smooth algebraic curve \(\Gamma= \{(x, y)\in \mathbb{R}^2: y= \psi(x),|x|\leq 1\}\), where \(Q(x, \psi(x))\equiv 0\), \(Q\) being a polynomial with real coefficients. Under the assumptions that (I) \(|\psi(x)|\leq 1\) for \(|x|\leq 1\), (II) \(Q\) has degree at most \(D\), (III) \(|Q(x, y)|\leq C\) for \(|x|,|y|\leq 1\) and (IV) \(|{\partial Q\over \partial y} (x, y)|\geq c> 0\) for \((x, y)\in \Gamma\), they show that, given a polynomial \(P\) of degree \(d\) and \(f(x)= P(x, \psi(x))\), there exists a constant \(C_*> 0\) depending only on \(d\), \(D\), \(C\), \(c\) such that
\[
(\text{i})\quad \max_{|x|\leq 1} |f(x)|\leq C_*\max_{|x|\leq {1\over 2}}|f(x)|,\qquad (\text{ii})\quad \max_{|x|\leq 1}|f'(x)|\leq C_* \max_{|x|\leq 1} |f(x)|,
\]

\[ \text{(iii)}\qquad \max_{|x|\leq 1} |f(x)|\leq C_* \int^1_{- 1} |f(x)|dx. \] Here, the point is that \(C_*\) does not depend on \(\Gamma\). The authors’ main tool is an extension theorem that permits to find, to every polynomial \(P\) of degree \(d\), a rational function \(F/G\) of degree \(d_*\) such that \(P= F/G\) on \(\Gamma\), \(c_*< G< C_*\) on \(\{|x|, |y|\leq 1\}\) and \(\max_{|x|, |y|\leq 1} |F|\leq C_*\max_\Gamma |P|\). One should add that such an extension with \(F/G\) replaced by a polynomial is, in general, impossible which is shown by the authors by an elementary counterexample.

\[ \text{(iii)}\qquad \max_{|x|\leq 1} |f(x)|\leq C_* \int^1_{- 1} |f(x)|dx. \] Here, the point is that \(C_*\) does not depend on \(\Gamma\). The authors’ main tool is an extension theorem that permits to find, to every polynomial \(P\) of degree \(d\), a rational function \(F/G\) of degree \(d_*\) such that \(P= F/G\) on \(\Gamma\), \(c_*< G< C_*\) on \(\{|x|, |y|\leq 1\}\) and \(\max_{|x|, |y|\leq 1} |F|\leq C_*\max_\Gamma |P|\). One should add that such an extension with \(F/G\) replaced by a polynomial is, in general, impossible which is shown by the authors by an elementary counterexample.

Reviewer: W.Pleśniak (Kraków)

### MSC:

26D05 | Inequalities for trigonometric functions and polynomials |

26C05 | Real polynomials: analytic properties, etc. |

41A17 | Inequalities in approximation (Bernstein, Jackson, Nikol’skiĭ-type inequalities) |

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\textit{C. Fefferman} and \textit{R. Narasimhan}, Ann. Inst. Fourier 43, No. 5, 1319--1348 (1993; Zbl 0842.26013)

### References:

[1] | R. BENEDETTI and J.-J. RISLER, Real algebraic and semi-algebraic sets, Paris, Hermann, 1990. · Zbl 0694.14006 |

[2] | A. PARMEGGIANI, Subunit balls for symbols of pseudodifferential operators, Advances in Math., (to appear). · Zbl 0940.35214 |

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