zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Geometry Search for the term Geometry in any field. Queries are case-independent.
Funct* Wildcard queries are specified by * (e.g. functions, functorial, etc.). Otherwise the search is exact.
"Topological group" Phrases (multi-words) should be set in "straight quotation marks".
au: Bourbaki & ti: Algebra Search for author and title. The and-operator & is default and can be omitted.
Chebyshev | Tschebyscheff The or-operator | allows to search for Chebyshev or Tschebyscheff.
"Quasi* map*" py: 1989 The resulting documents have publication year 1989.
so: Eur* J* Mat* Soc* cc: 14 Search for publications in a particular source with a Mathematics Subject Classification code (cc) in 14.
"Partial diff* eq*" ! elliptic The not-operator ! eliminates all results containing the word elliptic.
dt: b & au: Hilbert The document type is set to books; alternatively: j for journal articles, a for book articles.
py: 2000-2015 cc: (94A | 11T) Number ranges are accepted. Terms can be grouped within (parentheses).
la: chinese Find documents in a given language. ISO 639-1 language codes can also be used.

a & b logic and
a | b logic or
!ab logic not
abc* right wildcard
"ab c" phrase
(ab c) parentheses
any anywhere an internal document identifier
au author, editor ai internal author identifier
ti title la language
so source ab review, abstract
py publication year rv reviewer
cc MSC code ut uncontrolled term
dt document type (j: journal article; b: book; a: book article)
On a new inequality suggested by the study of certain epidemic models. (English) Zbl 0842.92022
{\it G. Gripenberg} [Q. Appl. Math. 39, 317-327 (1981; Zbl 0476.92017)] studied the qualitative behavior of solutions of the equation $$x(t)= k\Biggl( p(t)- \int^t_0 A(t- s) x(s) ds \Biggr) \Biggl( f(t)+ \int^t_0 a(t- s) x(s) ds \Biggr). \tag 1$$ This equation arises in the study of the spread of an infectious disease that does not induce permanent immunity. Gripenberg studied the existence of a unique bounded, continuous and nonnegative solution of (1) for $t\in \bbfR_+= [0, \infty)$ under appropriate assumptions on $A$ and $a$ and also obtained sufficient conditions for the convergence of the solution to a limit when $t\to \infty$. Aside from various physical meanings of the functions arising in Eq. (1), we believe that equations like (1) are of great interest in their own right and that further investigation of the qualitative behavior of their solutions even under the usual hypotheses on the functions in (1) is much more interesting. Over the years integral inequalities have become a major tool in the analysis of various integral equations that occur in nature or are built by man. Although a great many papers have been written on various types of integral inequalities, it seems that the bounds provided by the existing results on integral inequalities do not apply directly to the study of the qualitative behavior of the solutions of Eq. (1). This amounts to finding a suitable inequality in order to achieve a diversity of desired goals. The aim of the present paper is to investigate a new integral inequality and apply it to the study of the qualitative behavior of the solutions of Eq. (1). The discrete analogue of the main result is also given.

45M99Qualitative behavior of solutions of integral equations
Full Text: DOI