Hyperbolic principal subsystems: Entropy convexity and subcharacteristic conditions. (English) Zbl 0878.35070

Summary: We consider a system of \(N\) balance laws compatible with an entropy principle and convex entropy density. Using the special symmetric form induced by the main field, we define the concept of principal subsystem associated with the system. We prove that the \(2^N-2\) principal subsystems are also symmetric hyperbolic and satisfy a subentropy law. Moreover, we can verify that for each principal subsystem the maximum (minimum) characteristic velocity is not larger (smaller) than the maximum (minimum) characteristic velocity of the full system. These are the subcharacteristic conditions. We present some simple examples in the case of the Euler fluid. Then in the case of dissipative hyperbolic systems we consider an equilibrium principal subsystem and we discuss the consequences in the setting of extended thermodynamics. Finally, in the moments approach to the Boltzmann equation we prove, as a consequence of the previous result, that the maximum characteristic velocity evaluated at the equilibrium state does not decrease when the number of moments increases.


35L60 First-order nonlinear hyperbolic equations
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