Global behaviour of a reaction-diffusion system modelling chemotaxis. (English) Zbl 0918.35064

By a change of unknown functions in a partial differential system of reaction-diffusion type, which models chemotaxis, it is obtained the system \[ u_t= \Delta u-\nabla\cdot(u\nabla v),\quad v_t= \alpha\Delta v-\beta v+ \gamma(u-1)\quad\text{on }\mathbb{R}_+\times \Omega, \] where \(\Omega\) is a bounded domain in \(\mathbb{R}^N\), \(N\geq 2\), with piecewise smooth boundary \(\Gamma= \partial\Omega\); \(\alpha\), \(\beta\), \(\gamma\) are positive constants. This system is completed by the initial and boundary conditions \[ u(0,.)= u_0,\quad v(0,.)= v_0\quad\text{on }\Omega;\quad \nu\nabla u= \nu\nabla u= 0, \] on \(\mathbb{R}_+\times\Gamma\), where \(\nu\) is the outer normal on \(\Gamma\), so it models the dynamics of a population (concentration \(u\)) moving in \(\Omega\), driven by gradient of chemotactic agents (concentration \(v\)) produced by the population.
The existence and uniqueness of a local weak solution is proved. The main aim of this paper is the study of the global behavior of solutions, using two Lyapunov functionals.


35K50 Systems of parabolic equations, boundary value problems (MSC2000)
92C40 Biochemistry, molecular biology
35K57 Reaction-diffusion equations
35B40 Asymptotic behavior of solutions to PDEs
92C15 Developmental biology, pattern formation
92D25 Population dynamics (general)
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