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On the lexicographic minimax approach to location problems. (English) Zbl 0921.90106

Summary: When locating public facilities, the distribution of travel distances among the service recipients is an important issue. It is usually tackled with the minimax (center) solution concept. The minimax solution concept, despite the most commonly used in the public sector location models, is criticized as it does not comply with the major principles of the efficiency and equity modeling. We develop a concept of the lexicographic minimax solution (lexicographic center) being a refinement of the standard minimax approach to location problems. We show that the lexicographic minimax approach complies with both the Pareto-optimality (efficiency) principle (crucial in multiple criteria optimization) and the principle of transfers (essential for equity measures) whereas the standard minimax approach may violate both these principles. Computational algorithms are developed for the lexicographic minimax solution of discrete location problems.

MSC:

90B80 Discrete location and assignment
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